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The First American Tears

☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾ 2011/03/31 13:00:09
One does not sell the land people walk on."  Crazy Horse, Sept. 23, 1875
The American Indian is of the soil, whether it be the region of forests, plains, pueblos, or mesas. He fits into the landscape, for the hand that fashioned the continent also fashioned the man for his surroundings. He once grew as naturally as the wild su
How smooth must be the language of the whites, when they can make right look like wrong, and wrong like right
everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and every person a mission. This is the Native American theory of existence
I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would have made me so in the first place.
What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night. It is the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset
The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spirit is our Father, but the Earth is our Mother. She nourishes us, that which we put into the ground she returns to us
I prefer to their dogma my excursions into the natural gardens where the voice of the Great Spirit is heard in the twittering of birds, the rippling of mighty waters, and the sweet breathing of flower
You!
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Native Americans in my Opinion have Suffered and yet there is no memorial for them
and hardly a mention in history books at what the United States Goverment has done to native american nations of all tribes
memorial mention history books united goverment native american nations tribes
Native Americans who have been here in North America have been here at least 50,000 years native americans numbered around 80 -100 million spread across entire north american
. It is believed that during the ice age, they had traveled a land-bridge across the Bering Sound, from Siberia into what is now Alaska. They had gradually migrated across the land and southward into Mexico and beyond.

land-bridge bering sound siberia alaska gradually migrated land southward mexico
Then the white settlers came
If it wasnt for the kindness of the native americans the pilgrims who landed on plymouth rock would not have survived thier first winter among many while adapting to this strange new enviroment
and had the first thanksgiving together
Racism against Native Americans
survived thier winter adapting strange enviroment thanksgiving racism native americans
The colonists and explorers brought measles, smallpox, cholera, yellow fever, and many more devastating diseases. This drastically diminished the Native American population and annihilated entire villages. In addition to this, the arrogant attitude of the ever-growing whites led to the Indian Wars, the Indian Removal Act (1830), and in 1890 one of the worst massacres ever -- Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Here warriors, women, and children alike were ferociously slaughtered by the U.S. Cavalry. The U.S, government began Relocation Programs and the now famous Trail of Tears march where hundreds of Cherokee died from starvation, exposure, and illnesses. The Native American peoples were not only reduced in number but taken from their homes, stripped of their customs, and even forbidden to speak their native languages. Their children were taken from them and sent to schools to “civilize” them, forced to abandon every aspect of their heritage. In January 1876, the U.S. government forced them to live on ‘reservations’ where the majority of Native Americans still reside today.
january 1876 government forced live reservations majority native americans reside
Members of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation in Oklahoma around 1877. Notice the European and African ancestry members. The Creek were originally from the Alabama region.
Native Americans, had an enormously complex impact on American history and racial relations. During the colonial and independent periods, a long series of conflicts were waged, with the primary objective of obtaining resources of Native Americans. Through Wars
Displacement Such as the Trail of Tears
primary objective obtaining resources native americans wars displacement trail tears
and the imposition of treaties, land was taken and numerous hardships imposed. In 1540 AD, the first racial strife was with and the imposition of treaties, land was taken and numerous hardships imposed. In 1540 AD, the first racial strife was with Spaniard Hernando de Soto's expedition who enslaved and murdered in many New World communities. In the early 18th century, the English had enslaved nearly 800 Choctaws. After the creation of the United States, the idea of Indian removal gained momentum. However, some Native Americans chose or were allowed to remain and avoided removal whereafter they were subjected to racist institutions in their ancestral homeland. The Choctaws in Mississippi described their situation in 1849, "we have had our habitations torn down and burned, our fences destroyed, cattle turned into our fields and we ourselves have been scourged, manacled, fettered and otherwise personally abused, until by such treatment some of our best men have died." Joseph B. Cobb, who moved to Mississippi from Georgia, described Choctaws as having "no nobility or virtue at all," and in some respect he found blacks, especially native Africans, more interesting and admirable, the red man's superior in every way. The Choctaw and Chickasaw, the tribes he knew best, were beneath contempt, that is, even worse than black slaves.
Ideological expansionist justification (Manifest Destiny) included stereotyped perceptions of all Native Americans as "merciless Indian savages" (as described in the United States Declaration of Independence) despite successful American efforts at civilization as proven with the Cherokee, Chickasaw,Creek, and Choctaw. An egregious attempt occurred with the California gold rush, the first two years of which saw the deaths of thousands of Native Americans. Under Mexican rule in California, Indians were subjected to de facto enslavement under a system of peonage. While in 1850, California formally entered the Union as a free state, with respect to the issue of slavery, the practice of Indian indentured servitude was not outlawed by the California Legislature until 1863.

issue slavery practice indian indentured servitude outlawed california legislature 1863


Military and civil resistance by Native Americans has been a constant feature of American history. So too have a variety of debates around issues of sovereignty, the upholding of treaty provisions, and the civil rights of Native Americans under U.S. law.

issues sovereignty upholding treaty provisions civil rights native americans law

When Pocahontas was approximately 13 years old in 1607, she met John Smith of Jamestown, Virginia. They met in her father's village which was called Werowocomoco on the north shore of what is now the York River. A tale often associated with Smith and Pocahontas is that she saved him from death by appealing to her father

It is not known whether Pocahontas actually fell in love with Rolfe before they married. Some conjecture that their marriage was one condition of her release from captivity. Pocahontas was to convert to Christianity and was baptized Rebecca. She then married Rolfe on April 5, 1614. Powhatan gave his consent and presented Rolfe with a large piece of land. This marriage brought peace between the Powhatans and English until Chief Powhatan's death in 1618.

piece land marriage peace powhatans english chief powhatans death 1618
The Apache Indians have always been characterized as fierce warriors with an indomitable will. It is not surprising that the last armed resistance by Native Americans came from this proud tribe of American Indians. As the Civil War ended the U. S. Government brought its military to bear against the natives out west. They continued a policy of containment and restriction to reservations. In 1875, the restrictive reservation policy had limited the Apaches to 7200 square miles. By the 1880's the Apache had been limited to 2600 square miles. This policy of restriction angered many Native Americans and led to confrontation between the military and bands of Apache. The famous Chiricahua Apache Geronimo led one such band.

americans confrontation military bands apache famous chiricahua apache geronimo band
Born in 1829, Geronimo lived in western New Mexico when this region was still a part of Mexico. Geronimo was a Bedonkohe Apache that married into the Chiricahuas. The murder of his mother, wife and children by soldiers from Mexico in 1858 forever changed his life and the settlers of the southwest. He vowed at this point to kill as many white men as possible and spent the next thirty years making good on that promise. Surprisingly, Geronimo was a medicine man and not a chief of the Apache. However, his visions made him indispensable to the Apache chiefs and gave him a position of prominence with the Apache. In the mid 1870's the government moved Native Americans onto reservations, and Geronimo took exception to this forced removal and fled with a band of followers. He spent the next 10 years on reservations and raiding with his band. They raided across New Mexico, Arizona and northern Mexico. His exploits became highly chronicled by the press and he became the most feared Apache. Geronimo and his band were eventually captured at Skeleton Canyon in 1886. The Chiricahua Apache were then shipped by rail to Florida.

All of Geronimo's band was to be sent to Fort Marion in St. Augustine. However, a few business leaders in Pensacola, Florida petitioned the government to have Geronimo himself sent to Fort Pickens, which is part of the 'Gulf Islands National Seashore'. They claimed that Geronimo and his men would be better guarded at Fort Pickens than at the overcrowded Fort Marion. However, an editorial in a local newspaper congratulated a congressman for bringing such a great tourist attraction to the city. On October 25, 1886, 15 Apache warriors arrived at Fort Pickens. Geronimo and his warriors spent many days working hard labor at the fort in direct violation of the agreements made at Skeleton Canyon. Eventually the families of Geronimo's band were returned to them at Fort Pickens, and then they all moved on to other places of incarceration. The city of Pensacola was sad to see Geronimo the tourist attraction leave. In one day he had over 459 visitors with an average of 20 a day during the duration of his captivity at Fort Pickens.

Unfortunately, the proud Geronimo had been reduced to a sideshow spectacle. He lived the rest of his days as a prisoner. He eventually died in 1909 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. The captivity of the Chiricahuas ended in 1913



Chief Joseph"
1909 fort sill oklahoma captivity chiricahuas ended 1913 chief joseph
Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt
(1840-1904)

The man who became a national celebrity with the name "Chief Joseph" was born in the Wallowa Valley in what is now northeastern Oregon in 1840. He was given the name Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt, or Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain, but was widely known as Joseph, or Joseph the Younger, because his father had taken the Christian name Joseph when he was baptized at the Lapwai mission by Henry Spalding in 1838.

Joseph the Elder was one of the first Nez Percé converts to Christianity and an active supporter of the tribe's longstanding peace with whites. In 1855 he even helped Washington's territorial governor set up a Nez Percé reservation that stretched from Oregon into Idaho. But in 1863, following a gold rush into Nez Percé territory, the federal government took back almost six million acres of this land, restricting the Nez Percé to a reservation in Idaho that was only one tenth its prior size. Feeling himself betrayed, Joseph the Elder denounced the United States, destroyed his American flag and his Bible, and refused to move his band from the Wallowa Valley or sign the treaty that would make the new reservation boundaries official.
bible refused band wallowa valley sign treaty reservation boundaries official
When his father died in 1871, Joseph was elected to succeed him. He inherited not only a name but a situation made increasingly volatile as white settlers continued to arrive in the Wallowa Valley. Joseph staunchly resisted all efforts to force his band onto the small Idaho reservation, and in 1873 a federal order to remove white settlers and let his people remain in the Wallowa Valley made it appear that he might be successful. But the federal government soon reversed itself, and in 1877 General Oliver Otis Howard threatened a cavalry attack to force Joseph's band and other hold-outs onto the reservation. Believing military resistance futile, Joseph reluctantly led his people toward Idaho.

Unfortunately, they never got there. About twenty young Nez Percé warriors, enraged at the loss of their homeland, staged a raid on nearby settlements and killed several whites. Immediately, the army began to pursue Joseph's band and the others who had not moved onto the reservation. Although he had opposed war, Joseph cast his lot with the war leaders.
josephs band moved reservation opposed war joseph cast war leaders
What followed was one of the most brilliant military retreats in American history. Even the unsympathetic General William Tecumseh Sherman could not help but be impressed with the 1,400 mile march, stating that "the Indians throughout displayed a courage and skill that elicited universal praise... [they] fought with almost scientific skill, using advance and rear guards, skirmish lines, and field fortifications." In over three months, the band of about 700, fewer than 200 of whom were warriors, fought 2,000 U.S. soldiers and Indian auxiliaries in four major battles and numerous skirmishes.

By the time he formally surrendered on October 5, 1877, Joseph was widely referred to in the American press as "the Red Napoleon." It is unlikely, however, that he played as critical a role in the Nez Percé's military feat as his legend suggests. He was never considered a war chief by his people, and even within the Wallowa band, it was Joseph's younger brother, Olikut, who led the warriors, while Joseph was responsible for guarding the camp. It appears, in fact, that Joseph opposed the decision to flee into Montana and seek aid from the Crows and that other chiefs -- Looking Glass and some who had been killed before the surrender -- were the true strategists of the campaign. Nevertheless, Joseph's widely reprinted surrender speech has immortalized him as a military leader in American popular culture:

I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed. Looking Glass is dead. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say, "Yes" or "No." He who led the young men [Olikut] is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are -- perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.

Joseph's fame did him little good. Although he had surrendered with the understanding that he would be allowed to return home, Joseph and his people were instead taken first to eastern Kansas and then to a reservation in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) where many of them died of epidemic diseases. Although he was allowed to visit Washington, D.C., in 1879 to plead his case to U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes, it was not until 1885 that Joseph and the other refugees were returned to the Pacific Northwest. Even then, half, including Joseph, were taken to a non-Nez Percé reservation in northern Washington, separated from the rest of their people in Idaho and their homeland in the Wallowa Valley.

In his last years, Joseph spoke eloquently against the injustice of United States policy toward his people and held out the hope that America's promise of freedom and equality might one day be fulfilled for Native Americans as well. An indomitable voice of conscience for the West, he died in 1904, still in exile from his homeland, according to his doctor "of a broken heart..


voice conscience west died 1904 exile homeland doctor broken heart

one of the mightiest group of people on the planet

In 1831, life on the Great Plains was good for the Lakota. The land provided everything. There were bison which provided meat to eat, skins for shelter and clothing, and bones for utensils. Even the sinew served the buffalo hunter as bow strings. There were respected enemies against whom to prove one's valor: Absaroke, Flatheads, Assiniboine, Omaha, Chippewa, and Pawnee. In this year of 1831, in a Hunkpapa Village near what is today called the Grand River, a son was born to Chief Jumping Bull. In time, the world would come to know this one.
If life was good for the Lakota people, it was especially good for the youth. While still a small child, the little one learned to use a small boy's bow. With this, he hunted birds, rabbits, and other such small animals. There were also ponies to ride, and creeks in which to swim. No boy could have asked for more.
As the boy grew into a young man, he desired to prove himself to his people. At the tender age of ten, he demonstrated both skill and courage when he killed his first buffalo. At the age of just fourteen, this boy (nicknamed "Hunkesh-nee" or "Slow" because of his deliberate way of doing things) joined a raid against the Hunkpapa Lakota's traditional enemy, the Absaroke. Known later to wasichu as Crows, the Absaroke were formidable enemies and themselves mighty warriors. (Jumping Bull, Tatanka Yotanka's father, would die while killing his own Crow slayer) The boy counted coup by touching a Crow warrior, and thus at the age of fourteen, the boy became a man and a warrior.

boy counted coup touching crow warrior age fourteen boy warrior
Any hope of a peaceful, reasonable settlement to the plains conflict ended on July 30, 1874, when Horatio Nelson Ross, a member of Custer's expedition, discovered gold in the Black Hills. In November, 1875, federal officials opened the Black Hills for mining, never mind that the Black Hills belonged to the Lakota Nation and not the United States of America. This outrage the Lakota would not tolerate. Washington's answer to this problem of their own creating was to demand that Tatanka Yotanka lead his people onto a reservation by January 31, 1876. He declined the invitation. The die was cast.


On the morning of June 17, a scout reported the presence of General Crook's troops up the Rosebud from the encampment. Over 1000 Lakota and Cheyenne warriors rode to the attack and after a bitter day of fighting, drove Crook's force away from the encampment. When the victorious warriors returned, Tatanka Yotanka was pleased, but he knew that this was not the great victory of his vision. That was yet to come.
On the afternoon of June 25, the battle began. Custer had divided his command into three elements. This was a serious mistake in view of the great concentration of warriors. Just as the vision had predicted, Custer charged the camp but was quickly driven away to a low eminence now know as "Last Stand Hill." There the Lakota and Cheyenne under the battlefield leadership of Crazy Horse and Gall, annihilated Custer's contingent to the last man. Tatanka Yotanka had first looked after his family, then made medicine for the warriors.


In 1877, the U.S. Army relentlessly pursued and harassed the plains nations. At last in 1877, Tatanka Yotanka led his followers to Canada. He refused an offer from General Terry to return to a reservation in exchange for a pardon, but in 1881, he chose to surrender. The buffalo was by and large gone and there was no way to feed the People.

reservation exchange pardon 1881 chose surrender buffalo large feed people
Discrimination
Once their territories were incorporated into the United States, surviving Native Americans were denied equality before the law and often treated as wards of the state. Many Native Americans were relegated to reservations—constituting just 4% of U.S. territory—and the treaties signed with them violated. Tens of thousands of American Indians and Alaska Natives were forced to attend a residential school system which sought to reeducate them in white settler American values, culture and economy, to "kill the Indian, saving the man."
reeducate white settler american values culture economy kill indian saving
Sarah Winnemucca (1844–1891) was one of the most influential and charismatic Native American women in American history. Born near the Humboldt River Sink in Nevada to a legendary family of Paiute leaders at a time when the Paiutes’ homeland and way of life were increasingly threatened by the influx of Anglo settlers, Sarah later wrote that the white men “came like a lion, yes, like a roaring lion, and have continued so ever since.

threatened influx anglo settlers sarah wrote white lion roaring lion
Many tribes like the Pawnees welcomed the assistance of the whites because they could provide them with much valued service, but they had no intention of changing their customs or their lifestyle. The white community never seemed to understand the tenacity with which the Pawnees would cling to their own culture. The Pawnees had grown crops for years, but their annual buffalo hunts were still necessary for their survival. While the treaty clearly said the hunts had to cease, the missionaries were able to convince the government to loosely enforce those terms.


Unfortunately the Plum Creek community became divided over a variety of issues and frustrations. One of the most divisive issues was over the methods to be adopted in dealing with the Pawnees. A goal of the mission was to teach the Indians manners and customs then practiced by Christian whites. Dunbar and Allis were united in their belief that the Pawnees could not be bullied into becoming farmers and that their conversion to Christianity would require many years. The newer members of the community -- the Gaston, Platt and Mathers families -- were less willing to wait and were willing to use forceful methods "to speed" the Indians along to Christianity.

gaston platt mathers families wait forceful methods speed indians christianity
An Indian boarding school refers to one of many schools that were established in the United States during the late 19th century to educate Native American youths according to Euro-American standards. These schools were primarily run by missionaries. These often proved traumatic to Native American children, who were forbidden to speak their native languages, taught Christianity and denied the right to practice their native religions, and in numerous other ways forced to abandon their Native American identities and adopt European-American culture and the English language. There were many documented cases of sexual, physical and mental abuse occurring at these schools.
In the late eighteenth century, reformers starting with Washington and Knox, in efforts to "civilize" or otherwise assimilate Native Americans (as opposed to relegating them to reservations), adopted the practice of educating native children in modern American culture. The Civilization Fund Act of 1819 promoted this civilization policy by providing funding to societies (mostly religious) who worked on Native American improvement

civilization policy providing funding societies religious worked native american improvement

Further dispossession continued through concessions for industries such as oil, mining and timber and through division of land through legislation such as the Allotment Act. These concessions have raised problems of consent, exploitation of low royalty rates, environmental injustice, and gross mismanagement of funds held in trust, resulting in the loss of $10–40 billion. The Worldwatch Institutenotes that 317 reservations are threatened by environmental hazards, while Western Shoshone land has been subjected to more than 1,000 nuclear explosions.
The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted U.S. citizenship to all Native Americans
however lets not forget they were the LAST people in America given Citizenship and the Right to Vote. It has only been 60 years since ALL American Indians were allowed the Right to Vote in the U.S., there were 7 States that DID NOT allow American Indians to vote until 1948, Many states, including, New Mexico overtly did not allow Native Americans to vote until 1962. Which is abysmal given that New Mexico has a large Native populationovertly native americans vote 1962 abysmal mexico large native population

Native Americans have had thier country stolen from them
History has been Re Written so they appear to be the bad guy and a savage when they are not look at almost any western you will always see cowboys and indians
Then they were forced to live on Reservations in the middle of the Desert on the worst possible locations then all sorts of laws put on them
not even allowed to vote for a country they were born in
Then Religious Groups attempted to Rob Native americans of thier identity and culture and bible thump them into giving up thier beliefs and way of life
and always considered 2nd class citizens by many
and prejudice continues still to this day
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Top Opinion

  • Pjayee~American Patriot~Jus... 2011/03/31 16:20:52
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    Pjayee~American Patriot~Just gimme some truth
    +11
    I haven't been on soda head much over the last year..but dropped by and saw your post..thank you for posting.. I am a assiniboine sioux . Poverty is still the biggest problem facing some of the reservations except the Casino tribes. The biggest theft comes form the government, the allotments have always been mismanaged even the law suit will end with the Attorneys getting the biggest part of the pot anyway. Land we lease, is leased as an example, 160 acres for 1000 dollars, now who else would do this except on Indian Land? My Mother went to an Indian boarding school which I am so thankful it pulled our whole family out of poverty and my Grandfather put himself through college. My family taught me that education is the way out of poverty but not enough of the people on the reservation in poplar have had the chance to use this concept..I think from now on we have to focus on healing our planet it is in great peril what will you do to improve it . It will take all of us changing our minds ..but I will not carry on futher..thanks again for a place to vent

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Opinions

  • marti masters 2013/11/30 08:15:57
    The American Indian is of the soil, whether it be the region of forests, plai...
    marti masters
    My favorite book as a child was Black Hawk, a Sauk warrior and chief. It was just a book in the library. But It inspired me to read poems and stories written by the people of the first nations to inhabit North America. My lifelong journey has led me to some of the greatest words ever spoken and written about wisdom, inner peace, inspiration, and how to live in harmony and respect. I am an ordinary person who has been improved by this philosophy, music, and art. My husband is Finnish and the teachings of the Sami people in the Lapland have been a great positive influence in his lfe. As Americans, we need to do more to preserve the languages of the first people. Otherwise, the great words will be lost and all we will have are recordings and translations. All of you who study and keep your original languages alive are blessing this planet.. Thank you for that.
  • JayLynx 2013/03/03 14:52:43
    One does not sell the land people walk on." Crazy Horse, Sept. 23, 1875
    JayLynx
    Everything happened and still happens [in the Americas, etc] by tenure issues, domain and lands. Genocide and expropriation, war and blood, all because of European greed.
  • Nat Turner 2012/11/28 00:19:18
    I prefer to their dogma my excursions into the natural gardens where the voic...
    Nat Turner
    I love all the sayings here! and those fore fathers should be shame of themselves!
  • P. Sturm 2012/07/01 06:46:29
    What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night. It is the breath of ...
    P. Sturm
    ... and we, and everything we build, everything we do, everything we say, is just dust in the wind of time. If a little time passes or if the wind gusts, it will be like we never existed.
    And Lord Krishna said,"Behold! Now I Have Become Death, the Shatterer of Worlds.", but he meant, he had become time. Not even the white man can stand against it.
  • Angry Amber 2012/06/07 23:23:58
    I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would...
    Angry Amber
    I honestly try not to think what all has happened to natives because all it does is fill me with hate even more then what all I ready have for the vast majority of people.
  • acronombe2012 2012/06/07 21:38:27
    everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and ...
    acronombe2012
    We come from the dust, then we go to the grave. Eventually, we go back to the dust. It is written that Adam was formed from dust & that Eve was created from Adam's rib, which in a cryptic way, smacks of cloning. What is dust? Dust is mortal remains thought of as disintegrating to earth (dirt, clay, terra firma) or dust. Scientists agree that the earth is somewhere around 4 & 1/2 billion years old. Dinosaurs (reptiles) ruled the earth in the past. Go to a museum of science and history & you'll see the remains. We have normal, natural, mortal, corrupt & corruptable bodies that were formed or fashioned from natural resources & materials found right here on the 3rd rock from the sun. There were prehistoric animals that had mammalian bodies, but had reptile brains. One of many examples is the Triconodon. The reptilian brain is the most ancient of the brains. At least 5 human behaviors originate in the reptilian brain. These have been denoted as isopraxic, preservative, re-enactment, tropistic & deceptive. Without defining them, I'll just say that in human activities they find expression in:
    (1) obsessive-compulsive behavior
    (2) personal day-to-day rituals & superstitious acts
    (3) slavish conformance to old ways of doing things
    (4) ceremonial re-enactments
    (5) obeisance to precedent, as i...&

    &&&


    &




    We come from the dust, then we go to the grave. Eventually, we go back to the dust. It is written that Adam was formed from dust & that Eve was created from Adam's rib, which in a cryptic way, smacks of cloning. What is dust? Dust is mortal remains thought of as disintegrating to earth (dirt, clay, terra firma) or dust. Scientists agree that the earth is somewhere around 4 & 1/2 billion years old. Dinosaurs (reptiles) ruled the earth in the past. Go to a museum of science and history & you'll see the remains. We have normal, natural, mortal, corrupt & corruptable bodies that were formed or fashioned from natural resources & materials found right here on the 3rd rock from the sun. There were prehistoric animals that had mammalian bodies, but had reptile brains. One of many examples is the Triconodon. The reptilian brain is the most ancient of the brains. At least 5 human behaviors originate in the reptilian brain. These have been denoted as isopraxic, preservative, re-enactment, tropistic & deceptive. Without defining them, I'll just say that in human activities they find expression in:
    (1) obsessive-compulsive behavior
    (2) personal day-to-day rituals & superstitious acts
    (3) slavish conformance to old ways of doing things
    (4) ceremonial re-enactments
    (5) obeisance to precedent, as in legal, religious, cultural & other matters

    As far as the above vote goes, They all seem to be the right answer, in one way or another, but I had to choose 1. Don't get me wrong, I'm not trying to steal ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾'s thunder, I agree with everything he says. Besides, he's been around here alot longer than me & I defer to him. He appears to have a much better grasp of how & why things work here at soaphead.com than I do. But I think I'm right, too. Somehow I get the impression that when it's all said, done & the dust settles, we may both be saying the same thing - different evidence, same conclusion. Could it be that we are all animals, with brains that trick us into believing we're not?

    Here's a quote from Samuel Langhorne Clemens
    "Man is a Religious Animal. He is the only Religious Animal. He is the only animal that has the True Religion - several of them. He is the only animal that loves his neighbor as himself & cuts his throat if his theology isn't straight".

    Here's another qoute from him
    "Man is kind enough when he is not excited by religion.

    This reminds me of a little something called as religious excitation
    (more)
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... acronom... 2012/06/07 21:47:29
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    WHAT IS SKYCLAD

    the Adam and Eve story in the bible Told in Genesis is actually Based on Earlier older Civilization the Sumerians who are some of the oldest Civilization on Earth

    The Story of Creation speaks of the Gods and Goddeess Created the human Race Adan and Evo not singular people however Adan Translated means Atom and Evo means Evo Genesis which is the Sumerian word for Evolution

    Basicly the Story was talking about the Gods and Goddess Created the human Race out of the Atom and Evolution and put mankind all over the Earth in a wide variety of Colors
    the Sumerian God Enki symbol is human Dna that we use today
    the Sumerian Goddess KI is the symbol of a spiral of Evolution
    spirial of evolution
  • Picasso's Cat 2012/06/07 21:13:50 (edited)
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    Picasso's Cat
    +1
    Yes, I agree totally.
    I work with the government helping people use solar and wind turbine. I'm on a project now working with the Makah Nation in Neah Bay Washington. Putting together illustrations that will show them how things will look when done. Was in a meeting the other day with the tribe and we were talking about when the tribe was established, and I had looked up the date in government archives, and told them "does 1855 sound right?", the whole room laughed real loud, it was 5 minutes before i could calm them down, and one native americans in the back stood up and said the Makah nation was established in Neah bay in 1200 BC, and they had the artifacts dug up to prove it.
    I had to just stand there in front of all of them and take that in, wow, I thought to myself, since 1200 BC in this same part of America, hell it wasn't even America at that time !!
    It's really remarkable when you think about it, they were here first, it's their land by rights, and yet we killed enough of them off to make them prisoners in their own land.
    Saddining no matter how you look at it.
    Well I'm making sure we get a few government grants to give this makah tribe some free natural power, lol, they like that kind of power, I mean from the sun and wind.
  • loribird29 2012/06/07 19:20:24
    One does not sell the land people walk on." Crazy Horse, Sept. 23, 1875
    loribird29
    i wish i could select all of them. great post!
  • rustex782 2012/06/07 16:40:48
    The American Indian is of the soil, whether it be the region of forests, plai...
    rustex782
    +1
    i wonder how much culture and technological advancements we have missed out on by massacring them. . . . . if only they had accepted Jesus when they were told
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... rustex782 2012/06/07 17:16:41
  • rustex782 ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/07 18:22:29
    rustex782
    its sick and filthy and EVIL EVIL EVIL and why anyone would want to continue to follow a religion with such a bloody evil despicable violent criminal past. . . is beyond me.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... rustex782 2012/06/07 18:39:46
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    People are Brainwashed fools who know nothing of History of thier own Religion or its origins they read one book and think thats all they need to know

    Me Im Pagan
    WHAT IS SKYCLAD WHAT IS SKYCLAD WHAT IS SKYCLAD
  • Fran-Halen 2012/06/07 16:21:11
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    Fran-Halen
    +1
    Thank you, my friend, for such a thoughtful post.... you have put so much into this, as you do in everything you write about. Thank you again.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Fran-Halen 2012/06/07 16:24:52
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    +1
    thank you i do Try i have other polls if you like to read them
  • Fran-Halen ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/07 16:27:33
    Fran-Halen
    +1
    I read all your writing. If I don't comment, I at least try to rave them.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Fran-Halen 2012/06/07 17:16:48
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    +1
    The Catholic Church Crimes against Humanity
    http://www.sodahead.com/unite...

    Have you ever heard of The Canadian Holocaust?(Video)
    http://www.sodahead.com/livin...
  • Fran-Halen ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/07 17:29:32
  • John Hall 2012/06/07 15:48:34
    everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and ...
    John Hall
    i think that what this country did to the american indian is sad .
  • Lily 2012/06/07 15:33:52 (edited)
    How smooth must be the language of the whites, when they can make right look ...
    Lily
    I would settle for more truth in the history books. Even today, there are still myths that people believe and it's more sad than laughable.

    p.s.I enjoyed reading your post, thank you, but the land bridge theory isn't true.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Lily 2012/06/07 15:36:28
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    +1
    the biggest Myth of all time

    myth
  • Lily ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/07 15:55:38
    Lily
    +1
    Lol! Indeed!
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Lily 2012/06/07 16:00:14
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Lily 2012/06/07 16:04:41
  • Lily ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/07 16:24:09
    Lily
    +1
    Every tribe that I've worked with and for, does not agree with the land bridge theory. If you support this theory than asians, africans migrated from other continents. But they will disgree, there is a reason the term "mother land" is used. This continent is where we are from. We didn't come from somewhere else.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Lily 2012/06/07 16:26:22
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    +1
    there is always this Theory That when the Gods and Goddess created the human Race they put humans all over the Earth on every continent

    and created a Rainbow of colors of the human race not just a single Race
    Because the Gods Love Variety
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Lily 2012/06/07 17:17:09
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    +1
    The Catholic Church Crimes against Humanity
    http://www.sodahead.com/unite...

    Have you ever heard of The Canadian Holocaust?(Video)
    http://www.sodahead.com/livin...
  • JMCC 2012/06/07 15:30:17
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    JMCC
    "Two men arguing over who owns the land is like two fleas arguing over who owns the dog"
  • Tropiceagle33 2012/04/24 17:35:03
    One does not sell the land people walk on." Crazy Horse, Sept. 23, 1875
    Tropiceagle33
  • Dawn 2011/10/17 03:40:34
    I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would...
    Dawn
    +1
    My dads side is Native American. My ma's side is a mix of German, English (that Englishmen got kicked out of England, but why my grams won't tell me. I joke with my ma that he mooned the queen.LOL.) and Native American (but it's not enough to be acknowledged)
    Because I was born after 1989 I don't have a status card, but I don't need one. I know what I am and I might be half n' half, but I'm a Native at heart.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Dawn 2012/06/07 17:17:23
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    The Catholic Church Crimes against Humanity
    http://www.sodahead.com/unite...

    Have you ever heard of The Canadian Holocaust?(Video)
    http://www.sodahead.com/livin...
  • Dawn ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2012/06/12 14:40:21
    Dawn
    Until you mentioned The Canadian Holocause in an earlier entry, I never heard of it. They never mentioned it in my history class. 'Course they wouldn't, would they?
  • marcie 2011/10/16 05:52:53
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    marcie
    +1
    You should have added all of the above as we believe in all of these quotes.Thank you for creating this wonderful tribute to us and the untold history. However I must debate the issue of crossing the land bridge to migrate here. That is still unproven, though of course some people from across the waters did migrate here and mixed with some of our people as small amounts of Asian DNA has turned up within a few tribes here and there across the continent. But none of the creation stories I am aware of from various tribes have anything to do originating over there. Some came out of the center of the earth, others came from the star system of the 7 sisters or the Pleides. And the origin of the 4 sacred colors respresents the 4 directions and the 4 races that were placed on this earth. We are the red and were placed by the Creator on this continent, the black in Africa and middle east, the yellow in Asia and the white in Europe. And yes I know there is a little controvercy on the creation story for the sky people of the 7 sisters but since they were red too then they came here to the America's.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... marcie 2012/06/07 17:17:53
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    i forgot to add all of the above

    but here are some other polls of mine you might like

    The Catholic Church Crimes against Humanity
    http://www.sodahead.com/unite...

    Have you ever heard of The Canadian Holocaust?(Video)
    http://www.sodahead.com/livin...
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... marcie 2012/06/07 17:18:56 (edited)
    ☥☽✪☾DAW ☽✪☾
    there is a Theory that according to some Pagan Legends that the Gods and Goddess Created the human Race they put them on all Continents of the Earth in a wide variety of colors of the Rainbow
    which is why we have the Differant Races

    there is Evidence China at once time found America

    and some Evidence the Egyptians Found America Thousands of years ago
    and Evidence the Celtic and norse Pagans Found America 1,000 years before columbus did
  • Noel16161 2011/10/11 05:30:31
    everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and ...
    Noel16161
    I had ancestors on who made it on the Trail of Tears and lost many more to it.
  • §mylz 2011/10/09 14:00:59
    I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would...
    §mylz
    +1
    First question i've seen regarding this.
    And i thank you.
  • Marie-Jacqueline 2011/10/08 19:30:51
    The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spi...
    Marie-Jacqueline
    +1
    Some American SH's might be offended about what I'm going to say.

    It has been genocide that has happened to the Native American.
    A genocide in the numbers of people killed, but also a cultural genocide that still is still reaching as far as the U.S. today!

    In the context of history, no country in the world is without black periodes in their history.
    Periodes that represent the greed, arrogance, violence of one against the other, nation against nation, culture against culture, religion against religion.

    One dark side of Dutch history is for instance the slave trade.
  • ☥☽✪☾DAW... Marie-J... 2011/10/09 05:41:06
  • Marie-J... ☥☽✪☾DAW... 2011/10/09 16:41:27
    Marie-Jacqueline
    Yes, I have seen that post!

    All over the world you will see/saw such examples against indigenous people.

    I found this, some research before I answered you.
    The following I didn't know excisted, maybe not perfect, but certainly a step in the right direction:

    United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 61/295 on 13 September 2007
    http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/...
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