The effects of RTW (Right to Work)
legislation is permitted under the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947. This law
prohibits “closed shops,” where union membership is a condition of
employment and refusal to join a union would get one fired. “Union shops,”
where workers have a period of time after they are hired to join the
union, and “agency shops,” where union membership is not required but
workers still pay dues, are allowed under this act.
of whether employees agree to join the union and pay dues, they will
benefit from union bargaining, which includes better pay, fringe benefits
and support in grievance procedures. In this system, due paying members
are forced to support non-due-paying workers.
in non-RTW states already have the option of not paying dues for union
activities that conflict with their religious or political beliefs.
Workers are only required to pay for the “financial core” dues that go
towards collective bargaining and administration costs for activities that
What Effects does it have on the middle class and poor families
According to the US Bureau of Economic Analysis, the average per capita
personal income was $3,984 lower in RTW states than non-RTW states, $35,916 vs.
$39,900 in 2007. Only 3 of the 22 RTW states have a per capita personal income
higher than the United States average of $39,430.
US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ estimate on 2009 hourly wages, further
demonstrates that workers in RTW states have a lower income that workers in
non-RTW states. On average, workers in all occupations make $2.67/hour less
than workers in non-RTW states. That is $106.80 less a week and $5,553.60 less
a year. For example, occupations in construction make $4.38/ hour less in RTW
states than non-RTW states.
to the 2007 American Community Survey, There are 2.21% more households in the
middle class in non-RTW states that in RTW states. At this rate, 51,251
Missourian families would be squeezed out of the middle class.
to the US Department of Agriculture, in 2009 the average net farm income per
acre is only $83/acre in RTW states, compared with $127 in non-RTW states.
& GROWTH: In 2009, the productivity in RTW
states was considerably lower than non-RTW states. The value added per
production worker hour, obtained from the US Census Bureau, was $113 in R2W states
bordering Missouri and $124 in Missouri.
to the US Department of Agriculture, the average monetary value of production
for every acre in 2009 was $304 lower in RTW states, $418/acre, than non-RTW
from the Bureau of Economic Analysis shows that from 2008 to 2009 RTW states
averaged an 85% decrease in GDP, compared to an average 81% decrease among
based on data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, RTW states and non-RTW
states averaged nearly the same unemployment rates (8.8% compared to 8.4%).
Missouri’s unemployment rate recovered more quickly than all six RTW states
that border it, except Tennessee.
The rate of poverty, provided by the US Census Bureau, in 2009 was higher for
families in RTW states than families in non-RTW states. RTW states have 11.3%
at 100% poverty and below and 28.6% at 200% poverty and below. Non-RTW have 9.6%
at 100% poverty and below and 24.4% at 200% poverty and below.
According to the US Department of Education’s National Center for Education
Statistics, average educational attainment has been higher in non-RTW states
than RTW states.
average graduation rates in public secondary schools is an average of 72.4% in
RTW states, compared to 77.8% in non-RTW states.
average, in non-RTW states 86.5% of the population have a high school education
or higher and 28% have a bachelor’s and/or master’s degree and RTW states have
84.6 with a high school education or higher and 24.1% have a bachelor’s and/or
The US Census Bureau’s statistics have also shown higher rates of uninsured
individuals in RTW states, with the average of 16% in RTW states compared to
13.2% in non-RTW states.
infant mortality rates are higher in RTW states (7.5 per 1000) than in non-RTW
states (6.4 per 1000).
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, on average RTW work states
experience 2.07 occupational fatalities per 100,000 population than non-RTW
states who experience 1.17 per 100,000 population.
LABOR: According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, rates of
union membership and representation of those employed more than doubled in
non-RTW states (15.1% membership and 16.5% representation) compared to RTW states
(6.6% membership and 8.0% representation).
labor unions have provided minorities with the opportunity for equal pay. With
women making up 47% of all persons employed and Latinos, Asians, and African
Americans being 30% of the US labor force in 2008, closing the gap in wages in
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