Question: "Why is the Virgin Birth of Jesus So Important?
From these passages, it is certainly clear that Jesus’ birth was the result of the Holy Spirit working within Mary’s body. The immaterial (the Spirit) and the material (Mary’s womb) were both involved. Mary, of course, could not impregnate herself, and in that sense she was simply a “vessel.” Only God could perform the miracle of the Incarnation.
However, denying a physical connection between Mary and Jesus would imply that Jesus was not truly human. Scripture teaches that Jesus was fully human, with a physical body like ours. This He received from Mary. At the same time, Jesus was fully God, with an eternal, sinless nature (John 1:14; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 2:14-17.)
Jesus was not born in sin; that is, He had no sin nature (Hebrews 7:26). It would seem that the sin nature is passed down from generation to generation through the father (Romans 5:12, 17, 19). The Virgin Birth circumvented the transmission of the sin nature and allowed the eternal God to become a perfect man.
The Bible is very clear that Jesus was born of
a virgin. Isaiah 7:14 prophesied, "Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The
virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him
Immanuel." Matthew 1:23 fulfills this prophecy, "The virgin
will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him
Immanuel - which means, 'God with us.'"
The virgin birth is an essential doctrine. It is
the base of a sinless Jesus. Even though Adam and Eve both sinned in the garden
(Gen 3:1-19), God placed responsibility for the Fall on Adam in Genesis
3:17-19: "To Adam he said, 'Because you listened to your wife and ate from
the tree about which I commanded you, 'You must not eat of it,' 'Cursed is the
ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of
your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the
plants of the field.
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you
return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to
dust you will return."
Romans 5:12 reiterates this
thought: "Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and
death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all
sinned." The Bible is clear that we inherited our sin nature from Adam.
That is the reason we all die. In fact, Romans 5:17 says, "For if, by the
trespass of the one man. . ." It is evident, according to Genesis 1:26
that Adam was created in God's image and then all of Adam's descendants are in
his image (Genesis 5:3).
It is important to understand that it is not the
mother, but the father who passes on a sin nature to their offspring. So, in
order for Jesus to be born without a sin nature, it was essential for Him not
to be born of a man. That is why it was necessary for Jesus to be born of the
Holy Spirit. Jesus had to be virgin-born, so He did not have Adam's sinful
nature, allowing Jesus to die as our sinless substitute!
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