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July 3rd. TODAY IN HISTORY

Mr.Reasonable 2012/07/03 12:27:43
July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 181 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

324 – Battle of Adrianople: Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.

987 – Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule France till the French Revolution in 1792.

1608 – Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.

1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.

1767 – Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

1767 – Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published.

1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1778 – American Revolutionary War: British forces kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre.

1819 – The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opens.

1839 – The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with 3 students.

1844 – The last pair of Great Auks is killed.

1848 – Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten in the culmination of a year-long plot by enslaved Africans.

1849 – The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.

1852 –
Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.

1863 – American Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge.

1866 – Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.

1884 – Dow Jones and Company publishes its first stock average.

1886 – Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen – the first purpose-built automobile.

1886 – The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.

1890 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.

1898 – Spanish-American War: The Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba.

1913 – Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.

1938 –
World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 miles per hour (203 km/h).

1938 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

1940 – World War II: the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. One thousand, two hundred sailors
perish.

1944 – World War II: Minsk is liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.

1952 – The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the Congress of the United States.

1952 – The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary.

1962 – The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.

1969 – The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.

1970 – The Troubles: the "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1979 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.

1988 – United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.

1988 – The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over
the Bosporus.

1994 – The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty-six people are killed in crashes.

1996 – Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland.

2001 – A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev Tu-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.

2005 – Same-sex marriage in Spain becomes legal.

2006 – Valencia metro accident leaves 43 dead in Valencia, Spain.

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Top Opinion

  • Laurie Shamrock 2013/10/09 10:09:05
    Laurie Shamrock
    +4
    Many of the born this day have passed. We all wish we could stay Forever Young. This is Laura Branigan, born July 3, passed August 26.

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  • Laurie Shamrock 2013/10/09 10:09:05
    Laurie Shamrock
    +4
    Many of the born this day have passed. We all wish we could stay Forever Young. This is Laura Branigan, born July 3, passed August 26.
  • sglmom 2012/07/27 20:33:00
    sglmom
    +1
    THANKS For posting ..
    Pickett's Charge .. what a HORRIBLE Strategic Decision that would cost so many THOUSANDS of lives in that one day ..
  • Tennessee3501 2012/07/04 16:49:30
    Tennessee3501
    +2
    Your posts are fabulous! When I send them on to friends who have birthdays on the same date as the post, they consider it one of their more memorable birthday greetings! Thank you!
  • HarleyCharley 2012/07/03 15:15:31
    HarleyCharley
    +2
    wow...
  • Flamingolady 2012/07/03 13:48:23
    Flamingolady
    +2
    Another interesting post! Thanks again..
  • Mr.Reas... Flaming... 2012/07/03 13:56:54
    Mr.Reasonable
    +1
    Thank you Joan! As always a pleasure! ;)

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