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Is the prohibition and classification of drugs like cannabis and MDMA hampering research into their medicinal benefits?

apostate 2012/05/03 13:03:39
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  • bob 2012/05/03 13:18:54
    Yes
    bob
    +8
    social engineering prohibitions does not work. It's better to regulate, tax than to make it illegal.

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  • PapaHemp 2012/05/08 16:06:41
    Yes
    PapaHemp
    I could write a book on THIS subject! The best way for anyone, if they'd like to learn more about it, is to visit me on face book and become a friend. I'm Michael Moore, aka Papa Hemp on face book. Come say hello, and let me educate you.
  • Mike 2012/05/04 15:10:52
    Yes
    Mike
    they need to be studied , but to use it publicly without any conditions is a brew for disaster. next thing you know they will be making a new neurotoxin with the stuff and unleash it upon the masses. that's how twisted science has become
  • cddjmikey 2012/05/04 12:29:03
    None of the above
    cddjmikey
    Researchers can get just about anything in sufficient quantities to do their studies. What other use can be used for "E" I don't know.
  • Dzeeng 2012/05/04 06:26:14
    Yes
    Dzeeng
    absolutely
  • sjalan 2012/05/04 00:08:22
    Yes
    sjalan
    But don't let that fool ya none at all, Big Pharm is hard on it to get a foot hold on anything that will give them a profit. Bet ya the instant one of them finds a useful drug developed from marijuana the FDA will create an excuse to allow them to "develope" it
  • Judge Peter Hill 2012/05/03 22:39:04
    Yes
    Judge Peter Hill
    +1
    Government is not the solution to the problem, Government IS the problem! Look what happened during prohibition: In Chicago, crime exploded with gangs fighting each other over the enormous profits which were the result of alcohol being illegal! Chicago was essentially a wet community! When prohibition ended, the price dropped and gangs no longer had their cash cow!
  • Philo® ~PWCM~JLA ✩ 2012/05/03 21:18:13
    None of the above
    Philo® ~PWCM~JLA ✩
    Genuine medical research is not limited to testing only those substances which are already legal to consume; rather the opposite, actually.
  • Centrist_Bill 2012/05/03 19:05:30
    Maybe
    Centrist_Bill
    +2
    In the case of Marijuana I say yes. As for MDMA I am not sure.
  • Rockingham01 2012/05/03 19:00:25
    Yes
    Rockingham01
    +1
    Although much is already known regarding the benefits of cannabis, more research needs to be done to establish the positives found, as well as to validate what's already been done. More positive publicity would help too, although the majority of the American people are in favor of legalization. But there's much to be gained by cartels and politicians keeping this illegal. They'll keep it illegal, unless we can do something to overturn that.
  • Angie ♥♡Obama♡♥ 2012/05/03 18:58:38
    Yes
    Angie ♥♡Obama♡♥
    +1
    not really since it can still be studied, bit it should be legal and controlled anyways
  • Anonymouse ~superdoge~ 2012/05/03 18:03:45
    Yes
    Anonymouse ~superdoge~
    I would think so - if the scientists are going to be locked up for having and testing it, I would think it's rather hampering...
  • Ron in Oregon 2012/05/03 17:59:20
    None of the above
    Ron in Oregon
    I voted none of the above because i do not use pot and would never ever consider using it.
    I do know that it is many times stronger than that of just 20 or so years ago.
    I do not smoke tobacco in any of its forms and i do not chew.
    If you had THC in pill form and it was prescribed then I might consider it.
  • Gregaj7 2012/05/03 17:48:02
    Yes
    Gregaj7
    By design, and promoted by Big Pharma. Hemp is NOT a "drug". It is a seed-bearing plant. Legal classification not withstanding to reality.
  • dragonfliez 2012/05/03 17:43:31
    Yes
    dragonfliez
    everyone who is promoting the war on drugs and criminalization, is either an asshat or is profiting from it and just pretending to be an asshat.
  • HillaryLover 2012/05/03 17:35:46
    Yes
    HillaryLover
    +1
    Yes, yes, yes.
  • mind-pilot 2012/05/03 17:32:54
    Maybe
    mind-pilot
    It could be in regards to the MDMA and Parkinsons. Cannabis, on the other hand, has been useful for the last few hundred years. It, the hemp, was what the first American flag was made of. It does help in assisting cancer patients and others. It's prohibition is just, so, unnecessary it's ridiculous to think anyone can't eat, or drink it. It's healing qualities are there also. But we all live in the past, some 50-60 years ago, and call ourselves modern. We're weird. We think cars are old at 100K miles. We drive freeways and rate ourselves against dirt roads. There's no wonder we, as a nation, are stuck in the mud. We choose to be.
  • TerryAgee 2012/05/03 16:11:42
    Maybe
    TerryAgee
    All I know is that when people didn't support the Vietnam War, it made both political parties blame it on drug use. Yay or nay?
  • Bozette 2012/05/03 15:31:39
    None of the above
    Bozette
    The government already owns a patent (since 2003) on cannabinoids from marijuana for medicinal purposes.
  • Wayne TH G 333 2012/05/03 15:26:19
    Maybe
    Wayne TH G 333
    +1
    Possibly!
  • Tomus Megalomania 2012/05/03 15:16:04
    Maybe
    Tomus Megalomania
    The puritans will outlaw anything that makes you feel good.
  • oros 2012/05/03 15:07:59
    None of the above
    oros
    Don't come near me with the stuff the smell makes me ill. As for MDMA same applies stupid people have the same effect on me.
  • Deputy Chief 2012/05/03 15:05:16 (edited)
    None of the above
    Deputy Chief
    NO!
  • tncdel 2012/05/03 14:59:35
    Undecided
    tncdel
    +2
    Pot smokers aren't known for being overly-rational. Think the world revolves around them for the most part. And researching other substances with more than the tenuous "medicinal" claims of marijuana should be given priority.

    For a non-quack doctor who ethically chooses what he or she deems best for the patient ...not a doctor who acts at the behest of the patient's wishes, the likelihood that the doctor would choose marijuana as the most effective way to treat a particular disease is slim at best.
  • Deputy ... tncdel 2012/05/03 15:01:56
    Deputy Chief
    Good response. applause
  • Gangste... tncdel 2012/05/03 15:44:41
    Gangstersteve1993
    +1
    They use cannabis plants to combat Asbestos cancer.
  • tesmith47 tncdel 2012/05/03 15:44:51
    tesmith47
    +1
    You are wrong,,number of studies show glacuma relief
  • Boo tesmith47 2012/05/03 17:42:06
    Boo
    And symptoms of severe ulcerative colitis, which is a precurser to colon cancer if symptoms are not controlled.
  • dragonf... tncdel 2012/05/03 17:44:43
    dragonfliez
    no, only narcissists like you and mr clappy below think the world revolves around them. do some of them smoke pot? sure. some of every kind of person smokes pot.
  • tesmith47 tncdel 2012/05/07 21:24:45
    tesmith47
    most doctors do not prescribe pot because the govermnemt made it illegal and the medical profession does not want to fight the law
  • JimTheGeek 2012/05/03 14:58:56
    None of the above
    JimTheGeek
    Actually, it's a NO. those reasearchers who wish to do work on cannabis are allowed to do so. they just have to jump through a few more loops. Many other areas of research are regulated as well. I don't know about MDMA.
  • GeminiWolf 2012/05/03 14:44:40 (edited)
    Yes
    GeminiWolf
    +4
    Absolutely. It also makes the crap you find on a street corner or in a club more dangerous. This stuff (MDMA) needs to be regulated by a doctor, not by our government.
  • LukeC 2012/05/03 14:38:30
    Yes
    LukeC
    +3
    2 miracle drugs, taken away from us, and pushed into hands of shady dealers, do you think they even research its medical benefits besides all the harm they use these drugs to cause.
  • BIG BAD JOHN R. 2012/05/03 14:37:51
    None of the above
    BIG BAD JOHN R.
    +1
    NO! prohibition and classification of drugs like cannabis and MDMA are not hampering research into their medicinal benefits?

    Medical experimentation and research are exempt from laws that govern recreational uses. Thay do have laws that govern there amount and are inspected by the government.

    Cannabis is not a drug it is a herb. Tho Law enforcement has called it a drug,which it isn't. Drugs are manufactured and cannabis is a weed.

    Medical cannabis refers to the parts of the herb cannabis used as a physician-recommended form of medicine or herbal therapy, or to synthetic forms of specific cannabinoids such as THC as a physician-recommended form of medicine. The Cannabis plant has a long history of use as medicine, with historical evidence dating back to 2,737 BCE.[1] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs of traditional Chinese medicine,[2] and is prescribed to for a broad range of indications.

    Use



    Cannabis as illustrated in Köhler's book of medicinal plants from 1897
    Medical cannabis is illegal in most countries. A number of governments, including the U.S. Federal Government, allow treatment with one or more specific low doses of synthetic cannabinoids for one or more disorders.
    Supporters of medical cannabis argue that cannabis does have several well-documen...

































    NO! prohibition and classification of drugs like cannabis and MDMA are not hampering research into their medicinal benefits?

    Medical experimentation and research are exempt from laws that govern recreational uses. Thay do have laws that govern there amount and are inspected by the government.

    Cannabis is not a drug it is a herb. Tho Law enforcement has called it a drug,which it isn't. Drugs are manufactured and cannabis is a weed.

    Medical cannabis refers to the parts of the herb cannabis used as a physician-recommended form of medicine or herbal therapy, or to synthetic forms of specific cannabinoids such as THC as a physician-recommended form of medicine. The Cannabis plant has a long history of use as medicine, with historical evidence dating back to 2,737 BCE.[1] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs of traditional Chinese medicine,[2] and is prescribed to for a broad range of indications.

    Use



    Cannabis as illustrated in Köhler's book of medicinal plants from 1897
    Medical cannabis is illegal in most countries. A number of governments, including the U.S. Federal Government, allow treatment with one or more specific low doses of synthetic cannabinoids for one or more disorders.
    Supporters of medical cannabis argue that cannabis does have several well-documented beneficial effects.[3][4][5][6] Among these are: the amelioration of nausea and vomiting, stimulation of hunger in chemotherapy and AIDS patients, lowered intraocular eye pressure (shown to be effective for treating glaucoma), as well as gastrointestinal illness. Its effectiveness as an analgesic has been suggested—and disputed—as well.
    There are several methods for administration of dosage, including vaporizing or smoking dried buds, drinking, or eating extracts, and taking capsules. The comparable efficiency of these methods was the subject of an investigative study[6] conducted by the National Institutes of Health.
    Synthetic cannabinoids are available as prescription drugs in some countries. Examples are Marinol (The United States and Canada) and Cesamet (Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States).
    While utilizing cannabis for recreational purposes is illegal in many parts of the world, many countries are beginning to entertain varying levels of decriminalization for medical usage, including Canada, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Czech Republic, Spain, Israel, Italy, Finland, and Portugal. In the United States, federal law outlaws all use of herb parts from Cannabis, while some states have approved use of herb parts from Cannabis as medical cannabis in conflict with federal law. The United States Supreme Court has ruled in United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Coop and Gonzales v. Raich that the federal government has a right to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes. A person can therefore be prosecuted for a cannabis-related crime even if it is medical cannabis that is legal according to the laws of this state.
    [edit]Clinical applications



    "Victoria", the United States' first legal medical marijuana plant grown by The Wo/Men's Alliance for Medical Marijuana.[citation needed]
    A 2002 review of medical literature by Franjo Grotenhermen states that medical cannabis has established effects in the treatment of nausea, vomiting, premenstrual syndrome, unintentional weight loss, insomnia, and lack of appetite. Other "relatively well-confirmed" effects were in the treatment of "spasticity, painful conditions, especially neurogenic pain, movement disorders, asthma, [and] glaucoma".[7]
    Preliminary findings indicate that cannabis-based drugs could prove useful in treating inflammatory bowel disease, migraines, fibromyalgia, and related conditions.[8]
    Medical cannabis has also been found to relieve certain symptoms of multiple sclerosis[9] and spinal cord injuries[10][11][12] by exhibiting antispasmodic and muscle-relaxant properties as well as stimulating appetite.
    Other studies state that cannabis or cannabinoids may be useful in treating alcohol abuse,[13] amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,[14][15] collagen-induced arthritis,[16] asthma,[17] atherosclerosis,[18] bipolar disorder,[19][20] colorectal cancer,[21] HIV-Associated Sensory Neuropathy[22] depression,[23][24][25][26] dystonia,[27] epilepsy,[28][29][30] digestive diseases,[31] gliomas,[32][33] hepatitis C,[34] Huntington's disease,[35] leukemia,[36] skin tumors,[37] methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA),[38] Parkinson's disease,[39] pruritus,[40][41] posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD),[42] psoriasis,[43] sickle-cell disease,[44] sleep apnea,[45] and anorexia nervosa.[46] Controlled research on treating Tourette syndrome with a synthetic version of tetrahydrocannabinol, (brand name Marinol) (the main psychoactive chemical found in cannabis), showed the patients taking Marinol had a beneficial response without serious adverse effects;[47][48] other studies have shown that cannabis "has no effects on tics and increases the individuals inner tension".[49] Case reports found that cannabis helped reduce tics, but validation of these results requires longer, controlled studies on larger samples.[50][51]
    A study done by Craig Reinarman surveyed among why people in California used cannabis and it found many reasons why people had used cannabis. It was used to relieve pain, muscle spasms, headaches, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, depression, cramps, panic attacks, diarrhea, and itching. Others used cannabis to improve sleep, relaxation, appetite, concentration or focus, and energy. Some patients used it to prevent medication side effects, anger, involuntary movements, and seizures, while others used it as a substitute for other prescription medications and alcohol.[52]
    [edit]Recent studies



    MDMA

    MDMA:

    MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methyla... is an entactogenic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine class of drugs. In popular culture, MDMA has become widely known as "ecstasy", usually referring to its street pill form, although this term may also include the presence of possible adulterants, and "molly" referring to its more pure, powder form.
    MDMA can induce euphoria, a sense of intimacy with others, and diminished anxiety. Many studies, particularly in the fields of psychology and cognitive therapy, have suggested that MDMA has therapeutic benefits and facilitates therapy sessions in certain individuals, a practice for which it had formally been used in the past. Clinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer.[3][4]
    MDMA is criminalized in most countries, though the United Nations (UN) agreement on the Global Commission on Drug Policy isn't concerned with putting a stop to it, but with educating the public about the drug,[5] and its possession, manufacture, or sale may result in criminal prosecution, although some limited exceptions exist for scientific and medical research. For 2008 the UN estimated between 10-25 million people globally used ecstasy at least once in the past year. This was broadly similar to the number of cocaine, amphetamine and opiate users, but far fewer than the global number of cannabis users.[6] It is taken in a variety of contexts far removed from its roots in psychotherapeutic settings and is commonly associated with dance parties (or "raves") and electronic dance music.[7]
    Regulatory authorities in several locations around the world have approved scientific studies administering MDMA to humans to examine its therapeutic potential and its effects.[8]

    Medical use

    See also: Effects of MDMA on the human body
    There have long been suggestions that MDMA might be useful in psychotherapy, facilitating self-examination with reduced fear.[9][10][11] Indeed, some therapists, including Leo Zeff, Claudio Naranjo, George Greer, Joseph Downing, and Philip Wolfson, used MDMA in their practices until it was made illegal. George Greer synthesized MDMA in the lab of Alexander Shulgin and administered it to about 80 of his clients over the course of the remaining years preceding MDMA's Schedule I placement in 1985. In a published summary of the effects,[12] the authors reported patients felt improved in various, mild psychiatric disorders and experienced other personal benefits, especially improved intimate communication with their significant others. In a subsequent publication on the treatment method, the authors reported that one patient with severe pain from terminal cancer experienced lasting pain relief and improved quality of life.[13]
    Three neurobiological mechanisms for the therapeutic effects of MDMA have been suggested: "1) MDMA increases oxytocin levels, which may strengthen the therapeutic alliance; 2) MDMA increases ventromedial prefrontal activity and decreases amygdala activity, which may improve emotional regulation and decrease avoidance, and 3) MDMA increases norepinephrine (NE) release and circulating cortisol levels, which may facilitate emotional engagement and enhance extinction of learned fear associations."[14]
    The first phase-II double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial into the potential therapeutic benefits of using the drug as an augment to psychotherapy showed that most patients in the trial given psychotherapy treatment along with doses of MDMA experienced statistically significant reductions in the severity of their condition after two months, compared with a control group receiving psychotherapy and a placebo.[15] The authors concludes "MDMA-assisted psychotherapy can be administered to posttraumatic stress disorder patients without evidence of harm, and it may be useful in patients refractory to other treatments."[15]
    The possible therapeutic potential of MDMA is being tested in several ongoing studies, some sponsored by the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). Studies in the U.S., Switzerland, and Israel are evaluating the efficacy of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for treating those diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or anxiety related to cancer.
    Small doses of MDMA are used as an entheogen to enhance meditation by some Buddhist Monks.[16]
    (more)
  • rand 2012/05/03 14:33:13
    Maybe
    rand
    ...but I think researchers can generally get waivers.
  • Bill 2012/05/03 14:28:12
    Yes
    Bill
    +2
    Big Pharma, CDC and FDA all need to go Bye, Bye.
  • Kyle Popoloski 2012/05/03 14:18:26
    Undecided
    Kyle Popoloski
    what is the mdma?
  • LukeC Kyle Po... 2012/05/03 14:37:01
    LukeC
    E, comes in a lot of variations, if you want to know what is made of, Google it.
  • GeminiWolf Kyle Po... 2012/05/03 14:37:26
    GeminiWolf
    +1
    Ecstacy. Before it was made illegal it was used by therapists as a "love drug" for couples who had lost romance, usually in the bedroom. And it worked. But then it was made illegal and now most MDMA you can get your hands on isn't even MDMA and can be very dangerous.
  • dragonf... Kyle Po... 2012/05/03 17:45:34
    dragonfliez
    "extacy" or "e" ... most popular in night club settings
  • apostate 2012/05/03 14:11:53
    Yes
    apostate
    +3
    Replies when sober boys and girls. Probably Saturday/Sunday night Australian EST.

    I'm high on the legal drug of alcohol right now.

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