Does your child have Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome?
All parents will
be familiar with the frustration of trying to pacify a disobedient toddler from
time to time.
have discovered some children have a condition which means they are unable to
cope with any sort of demand.
Little is know
about Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome (PDA) at present, but experts
believe the reported numbers of sufferers is just the tip of the iceberg, in a
report by The Times.
'There are so many
children out there with PDA who are not getting the right help,' says
psychologist Phil Christie, Director of Children's Services at the Elizabeth
Newson Centre, where the condition was first defined.
'It is severely
under-diagnosed. We know that around one in 100 children is on the autistic
spectrum, but we don't know yet how many of them have PDA. It is a small but
What might be
considered plain naughtiness by most parents, children with PDA essentially have
an in-built need to be in control and to avoid other people's demands and
expectations, which raises their anxiety levels to an extreme extent.