Did You Know That George Washington Was Our EIGHTH President?

ProudProgressive 2012/07/09 14:55:52

With all of the spirited debate going on regarding the next Presidential election, a poster on another thread reminded me of the real story of the First President of the United States, and I thought I'd share it for your edification.

Article excerpt follows:

John Hanson, American Patriot and First President of the United States

He was the heir of one of the greatest family traditions in the colonies and became the patriarch of a long line of American patriots – his great-grandfather died at Lutzen beside the great King Gustavus Aldophus of Sweden; his grandfather was one of the founders of New Sweden along the Delaware River in Maryland; one of his nephews was the military secretary to George Washington; another was a signer of the Declaration; still another was a signer of the Constitution; yet another was Governor of Maryland during the Revolution; and still another was a member of the first Congress; two sons were killed in action with the Continental Army; a grandson served as a member of Congress under the new Constitution; and another grandson was a Maryland Senator. Thus, even if Hanson had not served as President himself, he would have greatly contributed to the life of the nation through his ancestry and progeny.

As a youngster he began a self-guided reading of classics and rather quickly became an acknowledged expert in the juridicalism of Anselm and the practical philosophy of Seneca – both of which were influential in the development of the political philosophy of the great leaders of the Reformation. It was based upon these legal and theological studies that the young planter – his farm, Mulberry Grove was just across the Potomac from Mount Vernon – began to espouse the cause of the patriots.

In 1775 he was elected to the Provincial Legislature of Maryland. Then in 1777, he became a member of Congress where he distinguished himself as a brilliant administrator. Thus, he was elected President in 1781. Was John Hanson the first President of the United States?

The new country was actually formed on March 1, 1781 with the adoption of The Articles of Confederation. This document was actually proposed on June 11, 1776, but not agreed upon by Congress until November 15, 1777. Maryland refused to sign this document until Virginia and New York ceded their western lands (Maryland was afraid that these states would gain too much power in the new government from such large amounts of land). Once the signing took place in 1781, a President was needed to run the country. John Hanson was chosen unanimously by Congress (which included George Washington). In fact, all the other potential candidates refused to run against him, as he was a major player in the Revolution and an extremely influential member of Congress.

As the first President, Hanson had quite the shoes to fill. No one had ever been President and the role was poorly defined. His actions in office would set precedent for all future Presidents. He took office just as the Revolutionary War ended. Almost immediately, the troops demanded to be paid. As would be expected after any long war, there were no funds to meet the salaries. As a result, the soldiers threatened to overthrow the new government and put Washington on the throne as a monarch. All the members of Congress ran for their lives, leaving Hanson running the government. He somehow managed to calm the troops and hold the country together. If he had failed, the government would have fallen almost immediately and everyone would have been bowing to King Washington.

Hanson, as President, ordered all foreign troops off American soil, as well as the removal of all foreign flags. This was quite a feat, considering the fact that so many European countries had a stake in the United States since the days following Columbus. Hanson established the Great Seal of the United States, which all Presidents have since been required to use on all official documents. President Hanson also established the first Treasury Department, the first Secretary of War, and the first Foreign Affairs Department. Lastly, he declared that the fourth Thursday of every November was to be Thanksgiving Day, which is still true today.

The Articles of Confederation only allowed a President to serve a one-year term during any three-year period, so Hanson actually accomplished quite a bit in such little time. He served in that office from November 5, 1781 until November 3, 1782. He was the first President to serve a full term after the full ratification of the Articles of Confederation – and like so many of the Southern and New England Founders, he was strongly opposed to the Constitution when it was first discussed. He remained a confirmed anti-federalist until his untimely death.

Six other presidents were elected after him - Elias Boudinot (1783), Thomas Mifflin (1784), Richard Henry Lee (1785), Nathan Gorman (1786), Arthur St. Clair (1787), and Cyrus Griffin (1788) - all prior to Washington taking office. Why don't we ever hear about the first seven Presidents of the United States? It's quite simple - The Articles of Confederation didn't work well. The individual states had too much power and nothing could be agreed upon. A new doctrine needed to be written - something we know as the Constitution.

George Washington was definitely not the first President of the United States. He was the first President of the United States under the Constitution we follow today. And the first seven Presidents are forgotten in history.

Reference: Grant, George, "The Forgotten Presidents" (excerpted from "The Patriot's Handbook").

Read More: http://www.marshallhall.org/hanson.html

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  • findthelight2000 2012/07/12 02:46:56
    Something the tea-party should be taught!
  • Wolf97 2012/07/09 18:22:44 (edited)
    He was first under our current government.
  • wildcat 2012/07/09 18:09:34
    I knew that
  • Beat Magnum True Hero 2012/07/09 17:48:55
    Beat Magnum True Hero
    Interesting history, but if you're going by when the US Constitution was ratified and the Government as we know it was put in place, Washington still was the first president
  • Samantha 2012/07/09 17:40:27
    Yes, I did. Washington was the first president under the current constitution. Our first governing document was the Articles of Confederation which, today, some GOPers are trying to revive.
  • JohnT 2012/07/09 16:31:12
    Great history lesson, I guess school gave us all the abridged edition
  • Paul 2012/07/09 16:14:39
    Didn't know all that, Thanks for the bit of history.
  • 'Zedd 2012/07/09 16:01:31 (edited)
  • ProudPr... 'Zedd 2012/07/09 16:04:43
    Why don't those guys count? When the Articles of Confederation were passed by a unanimous vote of the States, the person in charge of the country under it was called the President of the United States. The Articles created a legally constituted legislative body consented to by the population of this country and provided a means for selecting an executive officer, known as a "President". The fact that the Articles were replaced a decade later doesn't mean that any action taken under the Articles became invalid.
  • 'Zedd ProudPr... 2012/07/09 16:07:20
  • ProudPr... 'Zedd 2012/07/09 16:25:42
    What if we repealed the Constitution next year and replaced it with a new one. Would that invalidate the 43 people who have held the job under the Constitution?
  • 'Zedd ProudPr... 2012/07/09 18:36:49
  • ProudPr... 'Zedd 2012/07/09 18:43:37
    I'd love to know who made that decision LOL. I do know that part of the argument in favor of ratifying the Constitution had been the idea that "everyone knew" that George Washington would be the first President elected under it, and by that time the nation already veiwed Washington as the "father of our country", so I can see where it would have been easy for the public to just get into the mindset that "Washington was First". Your suggestion regarding the "First Republic" or that sort of thing makes sense, but then it raises the question of why the years we spent under the Articles don't count as the "First Republic" with Washington the first President of the "Second Republic".
  • 'Zedd ProudPr... 2012/07/09 18:54:57
  • ProudPr... 'Zedd 2012/07/09 22:41:30
    LOL If I can find something "scholarly" on the subject, I'll be sure to let you know. I'm ok with continuing to call Washington "the First President", but I don't think it's very nice of us to ignore the seven people who actually did try to lead this fledgling nation under a very flawed organizational document. Maybe we could honor them as "Confederation Presidents" or something fancy like that.
  • 'Zedd ProudPr... 2012/07/09 22:49:31
  • ALofRI 2012/07/09 15:55:51
    I still want to see BOTH their birth certificates! LOL
  • 'Zedd ALofRI 2012/07/09 16:02:42 (edited)
  • Paul 'Zedd 2012/07/09 16:18:12
    "Colledge" is that old English? ...LOL...
  • 'Zedd Paul 2012/07/09 18:26:41
  • Paul ALofRI 2012/07/09 16:12:17
  • Beat Ma... ALofRI 2012/07/09 17:51:38 (edited)
    Beat Magnum True Hero
    They would have all been considered British born.
  • David 2012/07/09 15:28:35
    No! Thanks for the history lesson!
  • jackolantyrn356 2012/07/09 15:24:11
    Confederation had his hands tied on a number of issues.... It has been a reasonable thing with the Federal Constitution we've lived by these past 200 years other than the FDR Unconstitutional n Jimmy Carter Unconstitutional and the Combination of Clinton and Bummer Unconstitutional Laws which are bringing America down.

    Democrats need to stand trial for this and eliminated with hangings and Jail time.
  • Philo-Publius 2012/07/09 15:18:56
  • Jack 2012/07/09 15:07:41
    A very interesting piece of writing. I will certainlt take note of it.
  • Tom Degan 2012/07/09 15:03:47
    Tom Degan
    And I always thought that it was Martin Van Buren. You live and learn.


    Tom Degan

    Tom Degan
  • 'Zedd Tom Degan 2012/07/09 16:04:06
  • Sister Jean 2012/07/09 14:56:43

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