As The Trumpet Sounds?
Behold, I tell you a mystery.
We will not all sleep,
but we will all be changed,
in the twinkling of an eye,
at the last trumpet.
For the trumpet will sound,
and the dead will be raised incorruptible,
and we will be changed.
Trumpets appear frequently within the Word of YAHWEH. They are an interesting topic all by themselves. Because of their significance and the many roles they play it can be helpful to review some of the references to them as they occur in Scripture. What follows is simply that, a review of some of the many verses where they appear. Simply reading these references will give you some good information about them, and their usage. However, if you really want to learn more about them you will need to look up the surrounding verses in order to discover the context in which these references occur. Without the context much can be lost.
You'll discover there were two types of "trumpets", the silver trumpets used for the sanctuary, and the ram's horns, also used in various ways for spiritual purposes. There were even different types of "blasts" specified for various purposes. To research those, and their meanings, you will need to look a bit further than Scripture itself. The various terms used are presented in categories below. Listed below the terms are some of the occurrences so you can see how they were used.
3104. lEbwøy yowbel, yo-bale´; or lEbyú yobel, yob-ale´; apparently from 2986; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); specifically, the signal of the silver trumpets; hence, the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced: —jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet.
2986. lAbÎy yabal, yaw-bal´; a primitive root; properly, to flow; causatively, to bring (especially with pomp): —bring (forth), carry, lead (forth).
Ex. 19:13 There shall not a hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet sounds long, they shall come up to the mountain.
Lev. 25:10 And you shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee unto you; and you shall return every man unto his possession, and you shall return every man unto his family. 11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you: you shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of your vine undressed. 12 For it is the jubilee; it shall be holy unto you: you shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. 13 In the year of this jubilee you shall return every man unto his possession. (The trumpet was used to proclaim the year of jubilee.)
Josh. 6:4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams’ horns: and the seventh day you shall encompass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. 5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him. 6 And Yahoshua (Joshua) the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of YAHWEH.
Josh. 6:8 And it came to pass, when Yahoshua (Joshua) had spoken to the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns passed on before Yahweh, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of YAHWEH followed them.
Josh. 6:13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of YAHWEH went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the those behind them came after the ark of YAHWEH, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.
7782. rDpwøv showphar, sho-far´; or rDpOv shophar, sho-far´; from 8231 in the original sense of incising; a cornet (as giving a clear sound) or curved horn:—cornet, trumpet.
8231. rApÎv shaphar, shaw-far´; a primitive root; to glisten, i.e. (figuratively) be (causatively, make) fair:—x goodly.
Ex. 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mountain, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that were in the camp trembled.
Ex. 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and YAHWEH answered him by a voice.
Ex. 20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw, they withdrew, and stood far off.
Lev. 25:9 Then shall you cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall you make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.
Josh. 6:4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams’ horns: and the seventh day you shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. 5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him. 6 And Yahoshua (Joshua) the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the Ark of the Covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of YAHWEH.
Josh. 6:8 And it came to pass, when Yahoshua (Joshua) had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns passed on before YAHWEH, and blew with the trumpets: and the Ark of the Covenant of YAHWEH followed them. 9 And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the rereward came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.
Josh. 6:13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of YAHWEH went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but those behind came after the Ark of YAHWEH, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.
Josh. 6:16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Yahoshua Joshua) said to the people, Shout; for YAHWEH has given you the city.
Josh. 6:20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.
Judg. 3:27 And it came to pass, when he had come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mountain, and he before them.
Judg. 6:34 But the Spirit of YAHWEH came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.
Judg. 7:8 So the people took food in their hand, and their trumpets: and he sent all Israel, every man unto his tent, and retained those three hundred men: and the host of Midian was beneath him in the valley.
Judg. 7:16 And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man’s hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.
Judg. 7:18 When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that are with me, then you blow the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of YAHWEH, and of Gideon. 19 So Gideon, and the hundred men that were with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and broke the pitchers that were in their hands. 20 And the three companies blew the trumpets, and broke the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow with: and they cried, The sword of YAHWEH, and of Gideon.
Judg. 7:22 And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and YAHWEH set every man’s sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.
1Sam. 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
2Sam. 2:28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
2Sam. 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of YAHWEH with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
2Sam. 15:10 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then you shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
2Sam. 18:16 And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people.
2Sam. 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel.
2Sam. 20:22 Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
1Kings 1:34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, YAHWEH save king Solomon.
1Kings 1:39 And Zadok the priest took a horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, YAHWEH save King Solomon.
1Kings 1:41 And Adonijah and all the guests that were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, Wherefore is this noise of the city being in an uproar?
2Kings 9:13 Then they hurried, and every man took his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king.
1Chr. 15:28 Thus all Israel brought up the Ark of the Covenant of YAHWEH with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.
2Chr. 15:14 And they swore unto YAHWEH with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with coronets.
Neh. 4:18 For the builders, every one had his sword girded by his side, and so built. And he that sounded the trumpet was by me.
Neh. 4:20 In whatever place therefore you hear the sound of the trumpet, resort there to us: our Elohim shall fight for us.
Job 39:24 He swallows the ground with fierceness and rage: neither believes that it is the sound of the trumpet.
Job 39:25 He says among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smells the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
Psa. 47:5 Elohim is gone up with a shout, YAHWEH with the sound of a trumpet.
Psa. 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Psa. 98:6 With trumpets and sound of a coronet make a joyful noise before YAHWEH, The King.
Psa. 150:3 Praise Him with the sound of the trumpet: praise Him with the psaltery and harp.
Is. 18:3 All you inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, you look when He lifts up an ensign on the mountains; and when He blows a trumpet, you listen.
Is. 27:13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship Yahweh in the holy mountain at Jerusalem.
Is. 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up your voice like a trumpet, and show My people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
Jer. 4:5 Declare in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow the trumpet in the land: cry, gather together, and say, Assemble yourselves, and let us go into the defenced cities.
Jer. 4:19 My bowels, my bowels! I am pained in my very heart; my heart makes a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because you have heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
Jer. 4:21 How long shall I see the standard, and hear the sound of the trumpet?
Jer. 6:1 O you children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appears out of the north, and great destruction.
Jer. 6:17 Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Listen to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not listen.
Jer. 42:14 Saying, No; but we will go into the land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor have hunger for bread; and there will we dwell:
Jer. 51:27 Set up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her. Call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz. Appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.
Ezek. 33:3 If when he sees the sword come upon the land, he blows the trumpet, and warns the people 4 then whosoever hears the sound of the trumpet, and takes no warning; if the sword comes, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. 5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took no warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that takes warning shall deliver his soul. 6 But if the watchman sees the sword come, and blows not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword comes, and takes any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand.
Hos. 5:8 Blow the coronet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after you, O Benjamin.
Hos. 8:1 Set the trumpet to your mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of YAHWEH, because they have transgressed My covenant, and trespassed against My law.
Joel 2:1 Blow the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in My holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of YAHWEH comes, for it is near at hand;
Joel 2:15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:
Amos 2:2 But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet:
Amos 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? Shall there be evil in a city, and YAHWEH has not done it?
Zeph. 1:16 A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers.
Zech. 9:14 And YAHWEH shall be seen over them, and His arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and YAHWEH Elohim shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.
2689. h∂rVxOxSj chatsotsrah, khats-o-tser-aw´; by reduplication from 2690; a trumpet (from its sundered or quavering note):—trumpet(-er).
2690. rAxDj chatsar, khaw-tsar´; a primitive root; properly, to surround with a stockade, and thus separate from the open country; but used only in the reduplicated form.
Num. 10:2 Make for yourself two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shall you make them: that you may use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.
Num. 10:8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.
Num. 10:9 And if you go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresses you, then you shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and you shall be remembered before YAHWEH, your Elohim, and you shall be saved from your enemies.
Num. 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, you shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings, that they may be to you as a memorial before your Elohim: I am YAHWEH, your Elohim.
Num. 31:6 And Moses sent them to the war, a thousand of every tribe, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand.
2Kings 11:14 And when she looked, behold, the king stood by a pillar, as the manner was, and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason.
2Kings 12:13 However, there were not made for the house of YAHWEH bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of YAHWEH.
1Chr. 13:8 And David and all Israel played before Yahweh with all their might, and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets.
1Chr. 15:24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the trumpets before the Ark of YAHWEH: and Obededom and Jehiah were doorkeepers for the ark.
1Chr. 15:28 Thus all Israel brought up the Ark of the Covenant of YAHWEH with shouting, and with sound of the coronet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.
1Chr. 16:6 Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of YAHWEH.
1Chr. 16:42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of YAHWEH. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.
2Chr. 5:12 Also the Levites, the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brothers, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets: 13 It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking YAHWEH; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of musick, and praised YAHWEH, saying, For He is good; for His mercy is for ever: that the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of YAHWEH;
2Chr. 13:12 And, behold, YAHWEH Himself is with us as captain, and His priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, fight not against YAHWEH, The Elohim of your fathers; for you shall not prosper.
2Chr. 13:14 And when Judah looked back, behold, the battle was before and behind: and they cried unto YAHWEH, and the priests sounded with the trumpets.
2Chr. 15:14 And they swore unto YAHWEH with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with coronets.
2Chr. 20:28 And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of YAHWEH.
2Chr. 23:13 And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entrance, and the princes and the trumpets by the king: and all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, also the singers with instruments of music, and such as taught to sing praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said, Treason, Treason.
2Chr. 29:26 And the Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets.
2Chr. 29:27 And Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt offering upon the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of YAHWEH began with the trumpets, and with the instruments ordained by David king of Israel. 28 And all the congregation worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.
Ezra 3:10 And when the builders laid the foundation of the Temple of YAHWEH, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise YAHWEH, after the ordinance of David king of Israel.
Neh. 12:35 And certain of the priests’ sons with trumpets; namely, Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph:
Neh. 12:41 And the priests; Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets;
Psa. 98:6 With trumpets and sound of coronet make a joyful noise before YAHWEH, The King.
Hos. 5:8 Blow the coronet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after you, O Benjamin.
Below are the New Testament passages containing the word" trumpet". Since the New Testament has come to us mainly from the Greek copies of it, we must consider that these verses apply just as if they were the Old Testament terms. Unfortunately, you'll have to try to discern from the surrounding text which Old Testament term to use.
4537. salpi÷zw salpizo, sal-pid´-zo; from 4536; to trumpet, i.e. sound a blast (literally or figuratively): — (which are yet to) sound (a trumpet).
4536. sa¿lpigx salpigx, sal´-pinx; perhaps from 4535 (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet: — trump(-et).
4535. sa¿loß salos, sal´-os; probably from the base of 4525; a vibration, i.e. (specially), billow: — wave.salpizo, sal-pid´-zo; from 4536; to trumpet, i.e. sound a blast (literally or figuratively): — (which are yet to) sound (a trumpet).
Matt. 6:2 Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets that they may have glory of men. Truly I say to you, They have their reward.
Matt. 24:31 And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
1Cor. 14:8 For if the trumpet gives an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself for the battle?
1Cor. 15:52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
Heb. 12:19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
Rev. 1:10 I was in the Spirit on YAHWEH's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
Rev. 4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up here, and I will show you things which must be after this.
Rev. 8:13 And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!
Rev. 9:14 Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.
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