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Christopher Columbus,did he discovered America?

Guru Casper BN-ZERO 2011/09/01 20:57:22
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Birth: Sep. 1, 1451
Genoa Liguria, Italy
Death: May 20, 1506
Explorer. He is credited with discovering America for Europeans in 1492, although at the time, he believed he had discovered a new route to China. He was given the titles Admiral of the Ocean Sea and Viceroy of the Indies. Born Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon as he called himself in Spain), the eldest of five children in Genoa, Italy, to Domenico Colombo, a wool weaver and local guildsman, and Susanna Fontanarossa, the daughter of a wool weaver. Although trained to follow in his father's wool weaving trade, he longed to go to sea, as Genoa was a major seaport, and the city teamed with stories of foreign adventure and travel. When he turned 20, he shipped aboard a Genoese galley, as part of a fleet to punish the Barbary pirates. He then joined merchant ships, and traveled to Portugal, England, Ireland, and Iceland, and in the process, self taught himself Portuguese, Spanish, and Latin (most maps of the time were in Latin). Columbus' brother, Bartholomew, managed a ship outfitting shop in Lisbon, Portugal, that included maps and nautical instruments. In 1477, while visiting Bartholomew, Columbus learned that the Portuguese were attempting to reach India and China by sailing around the tip of Africa. Columbus believed that the world was a sphere, and that by sailing due west along the latitude of the Canary Islands (recently discovered and colonized by the Portuguese), he could reach India and China after a short voyage of only 3,000 miles when compared to a longer route around Africa (Columbus underestimated the size of the earth - the actual distance between Lisbon and Japan is closer to 11,000 miles). In 1479, Columbus married a Portuguese woman, Felipa de Perestrello, and she died shortly after giving birth to their only child, a son Diego. In 1482, he asked King John II of Portugal to fund the voyage of discovery, but was refused. In 1485, after marrying a Spanish woman (they would have several children), he offered his services to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, and in 1492, they agreed to outfit his fleet. Leaving Palos, Spain, on August 3, 1492, the three ships, Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria, first sailed to the Canary Islands where they loaded more supplies and made repairs. Leaving the Canary Islands on September 9, the small fleet arrived at the island of San Salvador in the West Indies on October 12, 1492. Believing he had landed in the Indies near Japan or China, he called the natives "Indians," and the newly discovered land, the "West Indies;" incorrect names that would stick for the next 500 years. Bringing several natives with him, Columbus returned to Spain on March 15, 1493, claiming to have discovered a quick route to China. Columbus would make three more voyages to the new world, establishing colonies while searching for the lands of China, Japan and India. During his third voyage, he landed on South America (possibly becoming the first European to do so), and realized that there was a continent between Spain (Europe) and the Indies that he sought. His fourth and final voyage was an attempt to discover a route through the "Other World" as he called the new continent, to China and the Indies. The fourth voyage sailed along the coast of Central America and when shipworms nearly destroyed his ships, he was marooned on the coast of Jamaica for a year. He finally returned to Spain in November 1504. He would die less than two years later, at Valladolid, Spain, suffering so badly from arthritis that he could barely move. Following his death, he was initially buried at the cathedral in Valladolid, but his grandson supposedly took his remains for burial in Santo Domingo. The cathedral of Seville also claims to hold his remains. All three locations are in dispute. Columbus's voyages to America rank among history's most important events, primarily because it made lasting contact between Europe and the western hemisphere, and lead to an age of discovery and exploration that lasted over 400 years Write your opinion here...

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  • Lynn 2011/09/02 18:45:50
    No
    Lynn
    +1
    Before him were the vikings.
    Before the vikings were the Normans.
    Before the Normans, where the Irish.
    Before the Irish were the ancient Israelites.
    Before the ancient Israelites were the cavemen....
  • Guru Ca... Lynn 2011/09/02 18:50:07 (edited)
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    yes the stone age Asiatic tribes (forefathers of the socalled Indians) discovered Turtle Island which we call America asiatic tribes forefather socalled indians discovere turtle island america stone age americans
  • Lynn Guru Ca... 2011/09/02 18:57:17
    Lynn
    +1
    Humans have been on this continent for a very long time.
  • BlackwinterG36C 2011/09/02 01:54:13
    YES
    BlackwinterG36C
    +1
    There may have been hundreds that "discovered" america but only Columbus resulted in perminant colonization. That and How come nobody talks about Amerigo Vespuci??? The guy has 2 continants named after him but he's still a mystery.
  • Guru Ca... Blackwi... 2011/09/02 17:38:24
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    the reason they're named for him was he was first to propose that they were NOT Asia,but seperate continents
  • ☆stillthe12c☆ 2011/09/01 23:57:59
    No
    ☆stillthe12c☆
    +1
    Leif Ericson and before him the Asiatic people.
  • Guru Ca... ☆stillt... 2011/09/02 00:00:32
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    +1
    yep
    some think also the Chinese,Irish etc
    ty
  • ☆stillt... Guru Ca... 2011/09/02 00:11:30 (edited)
    ☆stillthe12c☆
    +1
    Yes off the coast of California they have found many anchors that are of Chinese origin. When I said Asiatic, it was in inclusive as they have found that some of the tribes here are from all over Asia Including Mongols.
  • Dagon 2011/09/01 23:34:30
  • Guru Ca... Dagon 2011/09/01 23:38:34 (edited)
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    +1
    yes it's Columbia,,the name America is honor of Amerigo Vespucci nothe america honor amerigo vespucci Amerigo Vespucci
  • ☆GrayBeard☆ ~PWCM~JLA~ 2011/09/01 21:47:44
    No
    ☆GrayBeard☆ ~PWCM~JLA~
    +2
    Paleo-Indians were here first during the Stone Age. The Vikings discovered what is now Newfoundland at the beginning of the 11th century (around 1003 or 1004).
  • Guru Ca... ☆GrayBe... 2011/09/01 21:52:38
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    thank you
    Columbus pioneered the European discovery and conquest,but wasn't first human or more precisely European to visit this Continent
  • XENON23 2011/09/01 21:34:02
    No
    XENON23
    +2
    No...but his trip got more people to come than those before him.
  • krayzrick 2011/09/01 21:23:32
    No
    krayzrick
    +1
    The Chinese did, in 1421.
  • Guru Ca... krayzrick 2011/09/01 21:29:32 (edited)
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    I've heard that,some evidence for that
    thank you
  • kcandi 2011/09/01 21:10:28
    No
    kcandi
    +1
    There were already human beings living here before Columbus ever came............
  • Evil Temptress 2011/09/01 21:03:14
    No
    Evil Temptress
    +1
    As always, the European who "discovers" something new is the one who gets the credit. The only truly discovered continent is Antarctica.
  • Guru Ca... Evil Te... 2011/09/01 21:11:14
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    yes,humanwise
    the socalled Indians weren't always here,they discovered this continent before other humans did
  • Evil Te... Guru Ca... 2011/09/01 21:17:10
    Evil Temptress
    +1
    So the American Indian is not human?

    In terms of traveling to, then reporting back to the known world, only Antarctica has been truly "discovered."

    The American Indian migrated to the Americas and simply kept walking forward.

    The Vikings, Irish and Japanese were all here before Columbus, be it intentional or accidental.
  • Guru Ca... Evil Te... 2011/09/01 21:34:36 (edited)
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    sorry for misunderstanding
    yes,they were human,they were here before other humans like the Europeans traveled here!
  • TasselLady 2011/09/01 21:00:35
    YES
    TasselLady
    +1
    According to history he did, but I have a feeling there were others there too.
  • Guru Ca... TasselLady 2011/09/01 21:03:23
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    +1
    he pioneered the European discovery of the Americas,there is evidence of Europeans in Americas,before him including a distant relative of mine
  • TasselLady Guru Ca... 2011/09/01 21:08:18
    TasselLady
    +1
    I kind of figured that. I just kind of wonder though why Christopher Columbus was given most of the credit???? Most references I hear to "Discovering America" usually use CC's name.
  • Guru Ca... TasselLady 2011/09/01 21:17:31
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    +1
    he thought he had discovered a shorter route to Asia,especially India,why we still call the preColumbian aboriginals "Indians",later Europeans notably Amerigo Vespucci,realised America wasn't Asia,why America is named after him.
    aboriginals indianslater europeans notably amerigo vespuccirealised america asiawhy america americo vespucci
  • TasselLady Guru Ca... 2011/09/01 21:19:13
    TasselLady
    +1
    Awwwww. I figured it was something like that.
  • ♥K14 2011/09/01 21:00:26
    No
    ♥K14
    +1
    America is named after the Irish guy who discovered it. Besides, boats had been going too and thro' for hundreds of years before Mr Columbus...
    Hence why the first thing anyone said to the pilgrims was a request for Beer, in English.
  • Guru Ca... ♥K14 2011/09/01 21:03:52
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    ty
    lol
  • ♥K14 Guru Ca... 2011/09/01 21:06:13
    ♥K14
    +1
    I got the feeling you think I'm making this up...
    You should watch QI. It is Quite Interesting.
  • Guru Ca... ♥K14 2011/09/01 21:49:11
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    no,I assumed you were kidding
    I'M familiar with Americo Vespucci,and that there were Irish in the Americas before Columbus came
  • Jake - 4Q2 2011/09/01 20:59:08
    No
    Jake - 4Q2
    +2
    He's just given credit for it.
  • Guru Ca... Jake - 4Q2 2011/09/01 21:07:04 (edited)
    Guru Casper BN-ZERO
    +1
    I agree
    he pioneered the European discovery of the Americas,however other europeans and noneuropeans were here before him as well of the Asiatic tribes who crossed the Bering Strait many milleniums ago.
  • Jake - 4Q2 Guru Ca... 2011/09/01 21:07:38
    Jake - 4Q2
    Oh yeah.

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